TroFaCo leaves it to communties to decide, which trees they want. The table below show the kinds of trees so far selected, what they can be used for and where they are usually planted.

A TroFaCo nursery in Cambodia


Scientific and English name Local Names in Uganda Local Names in Cambodia Usually planted where? Used for what?
Afzelia xylocarpa Beng Highly valuable hardwood. Seeds and bark have medicinal properties
Albizia lebbek (East Indian walnut, fry wood, Indian siris, lebbeck, siris tree, woman’s tongue tree) Chreh Multipurpose tree: fodder tree,  firewood and timber. Suitable for agroforestry and is used for shelter belts.
Azadirachta indica (neem)

(Known as ‘the village drugstore’)

Sdao Around farmers’ houses along roads Leaves are used as vegetables, traditional medicine and botanical pesticides.  Wood for construction.
Cassia fistula (Golden Shower, Indian-Laburnum, Pudding Pipe Tree) Leung Reach Ornamental and medicine
Casuarina equisetifolia

(Whistling pine)


Poles, timber, tool handles, fodder (young branches), shade, ornamental, mulch, nitrogen fixation, soil conservation, windbreak, dye, tannin
Combretum quadrangulare Sangke Around farmers’ houses, along roads Fuel wood, fencing and green manure as well as medicine,
Dipterocarpus alatus (Hairy-leafed apitong) Chheuteal In pagoda compounds Construction, and furniture, the resin and bark is medicinal.
Gliricidia sepium (Nicaraguan cocoa, mother of cocoa, quick-stick, Mexican lilac, tree of iron) Snau Kouk Soil conservation and improvement, nitrogen fixation, live fences
Grevillea robusta

Silky oak

Ornamental, shade tree, timber for furniture.
Hopea ferrea (White thingan, malut) Koki Valuable source of timber and resin.
Hopea odorata (White thingan) Koki In pagoda compound Construction, especially for making boats.
Khaya senegalensis (African mahogany, Dry-zone mahogany, Senegal mahogany) Kirai, Marigo, Tido, Erie Krorb Baek The wood is valued for carpentry, joinery, furniture, cabinet work, ship building and decorative veneer. Good for soil conservation and improvement.
Leucaena leucacephala (Ipil-Ipil) Kamthuthet Around farmers’ houses, along roads. Fuel wood, fencing,/ animal feeding, edible leaves, green manure and wood for construction
Maesopsis eminii (Umbrella tree. Name also used for other species) Musizi Forests, along roads Shade, timber
Mangifera indica (Mango) Muyembe, Mutumba Svay In homestead, on the farm Fruit, for sale or consumption
Markhamia lutea Emiti, Nsambya, Lusambya Timber, poles, posts, tool handles, medicine, bee forage, shade, mulch, soil conservation, ornamental
Milicia excelsa (African Teak, Iroko) Muvule/Mvule, Elua, Elowa, Mbara, Boru, Gumutumba, Kimurumba, Olwaa Along roads. It becomes huge! Timber, ornamental and shade (often along roads), soil conservation.


Milica excelsa in Soroti town, Uganda
Mimusops elengi (Jambolan Plum, Spanish cherry) Pring Around farmers’ houses, on the dikes of the rice fields and along roads Fruit and fuelwood
Moringa oleifera (horseradish tree, ben oil tree, drumstick tree, clarifier tree, mother’s best friend, moringa tree, cabbage tree) Marum Food, fodder, medicine, ornamental and living fences. Pulverized seeds may be used for water purification.
Pithecellobium dulce (Madras thorn, blackbead) Ampil,Teuk Around farmers’ houses, along roads Fuel wood, fencing, and construction
Samanea (Albizia) saman (Raintree, monkey tree, cow tamarind, saman tree) Chann Kiri Provides shade. Large tropical tree growing as much as 60 m tall, with broad umbrella shaped crown about 80 m wide.
Senna (Cassia) siamea Angkanh Around farmers’ houses, along roads, in pagoda gardens and homestead, in windbreaks Fuel wood, fencing, animal feed, decoration, charcoal, poles, timber (furniture), medicine, bee forage, shade, ornamental, mulch, soil conservation, windbreak.
Sindora cochinchinensis  (Synonym: S. siamenesis) Kor koh Grown as shade tree, e.g in coffee plantations Timber used for construction and furniture. Sometimes as ornamental tree.

Syzygium cumini (Myrtus cumini, Eugenia jambolanum, E. cumini)



Pring bai

Fruit is eaten fresh or made into juice, jelly or wine. Leaves used as fodder. Bees get much nectar. The bark used for dyeing and also, together with seeds, as medicine.

Tamarindus indica (Tamarind) Mukoge (name used for many other trees), Iti, Muhuwa, Muhungwa, Chwaa, Idukoge, Nondwa Ampil In homestead, along dikes, in windbreaks Food, charcoal, fuelwood, nitrogen fixation, shade, ornamental, windbreak, tannin. In many places fruits are used in cooking and sell at good prices.
Tectona grandis (Teak, Indian teak, Sudanese teak) Teak is one of the most important timbers in the world.
Terminalia superba (Shinglewood, afara, white afara) Along roads Timber and the tree provides medicines, dyes and fuel.
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